# An Acre Is About the Size of a Football Field. How Many Acres of Chinampas Surrounded Tenochtitlan

An Acre Is About the Size of a Football Field. How Many Acres of Chinampas Surrounded Tenochtitlan?

When discussing land measurements, it is common to use comparatives to provide a relatable perspective. One such comparison often used is that an acre is about the size of a football field. This comparison helps individuals visualize the extent of a particular area. In the case of ancient Mesoamerican civilizations, such as the Aztecs, the concept of chinampas, or floating gardens, is a fascinating example of land use. To understand the scale of these gardens, it is essential to determine how many acres of chinampas surrounded Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire.

Tenochtitlan, situated in the Valley of Mexico, was built on an island in Lake Texcoco. The Aztecs ingeniously created a network of chinampas constructing artificial islands in the lake. These chinampas were rectangular plots of land, framed canals, used for agricultural purposes. By estimating the number of acres occupied chinampas, we can appreciate the scale and productivity of these floating gardens.

To determine the number of acres of chinampas surrounding Tenochtitlan, we need to consider historical accounts and archaeological studies. According to scholars, the Aztecs created about 22,000 hectares (or approximately 54,363 acres) of chinampas. These fertile lands were utilized to cultivate crops, particularly maize, beans, and squash, which formed the staple diet of the Aztec civilization.

Now, let’s address some common questions related to the size and significance of chinampas surrounding Tenochtitlan:

1. What is the exact size of an acre?
– An acre is approximately 43,560 square feet or 4,840 square yards.

2. How does an acre relate to a football field?
– A football field is roughly 1.32 acres in size.

3. How many acres of chinampas surrounded Tenochtitlan?
– Approximately 54,363 acres of chinampas encompassed Tenochtitlan.

4. Were chinampas essential for the Aztec civilization?
– Yes, chinampas were crucial for food production, providing sustenance for the growing population of Tenochtitlan.

5. How were chinampas constructed?
– The construction of chinampas involved piling up layers of mud, soil, and vegetation on a wooden frame anchored to the lake bed.

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6. How were chinampas irrigated?
– Canals were strategically designed to provide a constant flow of water from Lake Texcoco, ensuring the chinampas remained fertile.

7. What crops were grown on chinampas?
– The primary crops cultivated on chinampas were maize, beans, and squash.

8. How productive were chinampas?
– Chinampas were highly productive, with estimates suggesting that a single acre of chinampas could yield seven times more crops than traditional farming methods.

9. Did the Aztecs trade their agricultural produce?
– Yes, the Aztecs engaged in an extensive trade network, allowing them to exchange surplus crops for other goods.

10. Were chinampas exclusive to Tenochtitlan?
– While Tenochtitlan was renowned for its extensive chinampa system, other Mesoamerican civilizations, such as the Maya and the Mixtec, also utilized similar agricultural techniques.

11. Were chinampas a sustainable farming method?
– Yes, chinampas were considered sustainable as they utilized natural resources efficiently and minimized soil erosion.