What Did Observations Between 1912 and 1917 Show?
The period between 1912 and 1917 was a crucial time in history, marked by significant discoveries and observations that changed our understanding of the world. Scientific breakthroughs, political events, and social changes shaped this era, leaving a lasting impact on future generations. Let’s take a closer look at what these observations revealed and how they shaped our world.
1. What did astronomers discover about the universe during this time?
Observations made in this period led to the discovery that the universe is expanding. Astronomer Vesto Melvin Slipher observed that galaxies were moving away from us, indicating an expanding universe.
2. What did physicists learn about the atom?
In 1913, Danish physicist Niels Bohr proposed the Bohr model of the atom, which explained the behavior of electrons in an atom. This model revolutionized our understanding of atomic structure.
3. What political events occurred during this time?
The period between 1912 and 1917 witnessed significant political events, including World War I, the Russian Revolution, and the sinking of the RMS Titanic.
4. How did World War I impact society?
World War I had a profound impact on society, leading to the loss of millions of lives, a shift in global power dynamics, and the adoption of new weapons and military strategies.
5. What role did women play in this era?
The suffragette movement gained momentum during this period, with women fighting for their right to vote. In 1918, women over 30 were granted the right to vote in the United Kingdom.
6. How did art and culture change during this time?
The period between 1912 and 1917 witnessed the birth of several art movements, including Cubism, Futurism, and Dadaism. These movements challenged traditional artistic norms and embraced new forms of expression.
7. What medical discoveries were made?
During this era, medical advancements included the development of insulin for diabetes treatment and improvements in surgical techniques, such as blood transfusions and anesthesia.
8. What technological innovations emerged?
Technological advancements during this time included the invention of the tank, the first electric refrigerator, and the introduction of commercial radio broadcasting.
9. How did the observations during this period impact psychology?
Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theories gained popularity during this time, revolutionizing the field of psychology and leading to new understandings of human behavior.
10. What impact did the sinking of the RMS Titanic have?
The sinking of the Titanic in 1912 was a tragic event that revealed the need for improved maritime safety regulations, leading to the establishment of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS).
11. How did literature change during this time?
The period between 1912 and 1917 saw the emergence of literary masterpieces such as James Joyce’s “Dubliners,” Franz Kafka’s “The Metamorphosis,” and Marcel Proust’s “Swann’s Way.”
12. What scientific breakthroughs were made?
In 1915, Albert Einstein presented the theory of general relativity, which revolutionized our understanding of gravity and the fabric of the universe.
13. How did the Russian Revolution shape history?
The Russian Revolution of 1917 led to the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the Soviet Union, significantly impacting global politics and ideologies.
14. What were the major social changes during this era?
The period between 1912 and 1917 marked a time of great social change, including the fight for women’s suffrage, increased labor rights and unionization, and the rise of social movements advocating for racial equality.
In conclusion, the observations made between 1912 and 1917 revealed significant discoveries in various fields, including astronomy, physics, medicine, and psychology. These observations also highlighted major political, social, and cultural changes that shaped the course of history. The impact of these findings and events continues to resonate in our world today.